E. N. Jeevan, K.L. Naik, B.B. Hosetti and B.R.Kiran

    Designation : Department of Zoology, Sahyadri Science College (Autonomous) Shivamogga, Karnataka India .

    Journal Name : Reserach maGma

    Abstract :
    The present study deals with the various roosting trees and food plant species used by the Indian flying foxes Pteropus giganteus in Thirthahalli region of Shivamogga district. A total of 14 different roosting tree species and 26 types of food plants were found associated with the Indian flying foxes (P. giganteus) in the study area. They play an important role in the seed dispersal and pollination of plants. They chew the fruit to obtain the juice. Very soft fruits such as bananas are swallowed, but usually the bat spit out the fruit pulp and seeds once it has extracted all the juice. Bats travel 40-50 Km per day around the nesting area. During day time they were roost in various host plants such as Bamboo vulgaris, Albizia saman, Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa, Tectona grandis, Pongamia pinnata etc. There is an urgent need to create awareness among common peoples to protect these useful animals to maintain ecological balance.

    Keywords :
    Roost trees, Food plants, Pteropus giganteus, Thirthahalli region.

    Reference :
    1. Azad Ali.2014. Interaction of Indian Flying Foxes Pteropus giganteus (Brunnich, 1782) with the plant species in the Lower Brahmaputra Valley of Assam. Small Mammal Mail - Bi-Annual Newsletter of CCINSA & RISCINSA 9 Volume 6, Number 1, Jan-Aug 2014: 12-14. 2. Azad, A. 2010. Population tread and conservation status of Indian flying foxes Pteropus giganteus Brunnich 1782 (Chiroptera: pteropodidae) in western Assam. The Ecoscan.4 (4) : 311-312. 3. Bates, P.J.J. and Harrison, D.L. (1997): Bats of the Indian Subcontinent. Harrison Zoological Museum Publications, Sevenoaks, UK, pp. 258. 4. Bates, P.J.J. and Harrison, D.L. 1997. Bats of the Indian subcontinent. Harrison Zool. Mus. Pub., England. 5. Cox, P.A., Elmqvist, T., Pierson, E.D. and Rainy, W.E.1992. Flying foxes as pollinators and seed dispersers in Pacific island ecosystems. U.S. Fish Wildlife. Serv. Biol. Rep. 90 (23) : 18-23.

Creative Commons License
Research maGma is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.